نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دانشآموخته سطح چهار حوزه علمیه، قم، ایران
2 کارشناس ارشد فلسفه و کلام، دانشگاه مفید، قم، ایران.
عنوان مقاله [English]
In the field of religious knowledge, several arguments have been presented to prove the necessity of religion from a theological and philosophical perspective. The present article examines and analyzes the arguments for the necessity of religion from the perspective of wisdom and grace from the viewpoint of some scholars. This study, more like the theologians' method, while defining the concept of prophet with a logical structure, presents two arguments, the first of which is an argument based on the wisdom of God, stating that the purpose of human creation was expediency and benefit to human beings. In this regard, some scholars believe in the legislative will, and some believe in the divine generative will, and some return the ultimate cause to the efficient cause, and some to the will of the Prophet and the guardian. That is, the wills occur in the soul of the prophet and the guardian since the will of God is not the place of events that need the legislative will. In other words, there are wills about human beings in the soul of the prophet or guardian, but they belong to the interests of the people themselves and go back to them in terms of duties and prove the necessity of religion and prophecy through the necessity of fulfilling the interests in God's wisdom. The second argument is the argument based on grace, which considers revelation to include grace in intellectual duties and to be a condition in auditory ones. This argument, after examining two propositions about the grace of revelation in intellectual duties and its condition in auditory duties, explains and proves the necessity of religion and the prophet.