نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 استادیار گروه ادیان و عرفان، دانشگاه سیستان و بلوچستان، زاهدان، ایران.
2 دانشیار گروه زبان و ادبیات فارسی، دانشگاه کاشان، کاشان، ایران.
3 استادیار گروه تاریخ و تمدن اسلامی، دانشکده معارف و اندیشه اسلامی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران.
4 دانشیار گروه ادیان و عرفان تطبیقی، دانشگاه سیستان و بلوچستان، زاهدان، ایران.
عنوان مقاله [English]
In reviewing the Quranic salvation, the first and most significant issue that every reader of the Quran faces is the abundance of verses in which words such as "salvation", "prosperity", "redemption", "happiness", etc. are mentioned, and the salvation of man is considered to be the main goal of the divine messengers. Ibn Sina, who deals with mysticism and Sufism in the final sections of the book Esharat wa Tanbihat (Signs and Punishments), says that mystics, with the help of their perfect souls and passing positions and degrees, and performing austerities with the aim of controlling Nafs Ammarah (inciting soul), have set foot in the holy world and have been drawn to subtle thoughts that are compatible with the sacred. Influenced by the Quran and mysticism, the scholars of intellectual sciences have explored and reflected the idea of salvation in their works. Ibn Sina scrupulously explains the terms of Sufism, the degrees of mystics and their characteristics, and he can be considered as a model for the scholars after him, such as Suhrawardi. Suhrawardi, who himself has deep mystical tendencies, has spoken of salvation everywhere in his relics. In this study, with a comprehensive and wide-ranging view, the idea of salvation in the triad of Quran, mysticism and conclusive argument is examined and compared. With this approach and attitude that the heavenly saying, the mystery of knowledge and wisdom are inseparable, this article mentions the words of the philosophers about the mystics and shows that the Quranic, mystical and argumentative views about salvation are all in harmony.